fruits and vegetables in german

Fruits and Vegetables in German

Just looking at the juicy, fresh fruits and vegetables with foreign language labels on them in the German-speaking crowd? Donโ€™t you think that could be bonkers?

Donโ€™t feel helpless and just keep roaming like in an alien land! This can happen to you when you donโ€™t know the language and have recently landed in a German-speaking country

No, you wonโ€™t starve. We will make sure you wonโ€™t miss a thing from the local markets. So, letโ€™s get yourself acclimatized and get you to buy some healthy vitamins and satiate your cravings by conversing in German.

 Buy a world for yourself!

15 Common Fruits and Vegetables in German

  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Apfel – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ apple
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Birne – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ pear
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Zitrone – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ lemon
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Banane – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ banana
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Erdbeere – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ strawberryย 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Pfirsich – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ peach
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Traube – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ grape
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der(die) Ananas – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ pineapple
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Orange – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ orange
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Kirsche – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ cherry
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Zwiebel – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ onion
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Tomate – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ tomato
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Salat – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ lettuce
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Karotte – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ carrot

Shopping for Fruits and Vegetables in German โ€“ Useful Phrases

I am already hungry! Arenโ€™t you? I would have gulped all the delicious fruits and garden-fresh vegetables. 

You need to know how you would buy those, though and then hit the target! Come, letโ€™s see the basic conversational part a bit to get you going.

Obviously, you need to ask, and they will tell you that those can be bought by weight or just by a piece just as you want it!

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Wo kann ich frisches Obst und Gemรผse kaufen?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Where can I buy fresh fruits and vegetables?

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๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ein halbes Kilo Kirschen, bitte.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
Half a kilogram of cherries. 

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich hรคtte gerne ein Kilo Orangen, bitte.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ I want a kilogram of oranges, please.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich nehme ein Stรผck Kohl.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
I will take one piece of cabbage.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Wie viel kostet ein Kilo Kartoffeln?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
How much does a kilogram of potatoes cost?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Wie viel kosten die Karotten?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
How much are carrots?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Verkaufen Sie die Bananen pro Stรผck oder pro Kilo?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
Do you sell bananas by the kilogram or by unit?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Wie viel wiegen diese Trauben?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
How much does this bunch of grapes weigh?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Haben Sie Salat?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
Do you have lettuce?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Kann ich mit einer (Kredit- oder Debit-) Karte bezahlen?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
Can I pay with a (credit or debit) card?

I will also instruct you about the most common expressions used while shopping in another article.

How to Describe Fruits and Vegetables in German

Arghh! I donโ€™t like sour grapes. And please, just sweet apples for me. How about you? Want to be confident while buying your choices in a German-speaking environment?

With these German adjectives, you can exactly describe your inclinations, absolutely the way you like your fruits and vegetables:

  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช sรผรŸ – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ sweet
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช sauer – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ sour
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช weich – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ soft
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช hart – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ hard
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช reif – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ ripe
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช verfault – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ rotten
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช frisch – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ fresh
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช alt – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ old
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช geschmacklos – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ tasteless
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช lecker – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ delicious
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช saftig – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ juicy
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช groรŸ – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ big
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช klein – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ small

We have just quoted a few examples of how you can use these in practical scenarios. Letโ€™s have a look at these tempting and yummy usages:

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Probiere diese Kirschen! Sie sind lecker!
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Try these cherries! They are delicious!

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Die Erdbeeren, die ich gestern gekauft habe, sind geschmacklos.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ The strawberries I bought yesterday are tasteless.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Kรถnnten Sie mir bitte einen anderen Salat geben? Der ist fast verfault.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Can you change this lettuce to a different one? Itโ€™s almost rotten.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Geben Sie mir bitte fรผnf kleine Tomaten.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Give me five small tomatoes. 

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Dieser Pfirsich ist so saftig, dass er im Mund zergeht.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ This peach is so juicy it melts in your mouth.

TIP: Whenever you use adjectives in German, you must remember to adjust their endings according to the gender of the noun, the case in which it is used and the article used before the noun.

40 Fruits and Vegetables in German to Enhance your Buying Experiences

Do you want to tantalize your taste buds further? Then go hunt the exotic fruits. But first, have a look at the list below to have a lip-smacking affair.

Fruits:

  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Wassermelone – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ water melon
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Aprikose – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ apricot
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Mango – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ mango
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Papaya – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ papaya
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Granatapfel – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ pomegranate
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Feige – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ fig
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Guave – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ guava
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Cherimoya – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ cherimoya
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Passionsfrucht / die Maracuja – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ passion fruit
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Feigenkaktus / die Kaktusfeige – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ prickly pear
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช sรผรŸe Gurke – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ sweet cucumber
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Heidelbeere / die Blaubeere – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ blueberry
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Brombeere – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ blackberry
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Himbeere – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ raspberry
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Kokosnuss – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ coconut
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Grapefruit – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ grapefruit
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Mandarine – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ mandarine
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Limone – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ lime
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Drachenfrucht – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ dragon fruit

Vegetables:

  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Avocado – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ avocado
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ein Bund Frรผhlingszwiebel – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a bunch of scallion
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Koriander – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ coriander
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Kohl – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ cabbage
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Brokkoli – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ broccoli
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Blumenkohl – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ cauliflower
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช grรผne Erbsen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ green peas
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Bohne – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ bean
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Gurke – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ cucumber
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Rettich ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ radish
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Kรผrbis – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ pumpkin, squash
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Zucchini – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ zucchini
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Aubergine – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ eggplant / aubergine
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Bete – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ beet
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Spinat – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ spinach
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die/der Rucola – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ arugula / rocket
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Sellerie – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ celery
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der/die grรผne Paprika, der/die rote Paprika – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ green / red pepper 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der Pilz – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ mushroom
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Waldpilze – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ wild mushroom

An interesting fact about arugula and pepper is that two articles are used for these vegetables. It really depends on which one you can remember. More thought-provoking is that there are quite a few nouns in German which take two articles.

I will take you through that as well at a later point.

When you start learning German, you will wish there were more of such cases!

As of now, I will take you through the sentences with the words we just learned. This should assist you with your language learning more in detail, which will also come in handy during your routine, may it be your mouth-watering breakfast, a flavourful order at a restaurant or having an appetizing conversation at parties.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich esse immer manche Blaubeeren zum Frรผhstรผck. Sie sind sehr gesund.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
I always have a handful of blueberries for breakfast. They are very healthy.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich liebe Aprikosenmarmelade.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ I love apricot jam.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Mรถchtest du ein Avocado-Sandwich?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Do you want an avocado sandwich?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich mache einen Kohl-Spinat-Salat.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iโ€™m making a cabbage and spinach salad.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Mango ist meine Lieblingsfrucht.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Mango is my favorite fruit.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich hasse Sellerie.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ I hate celery.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Bevorzugen Sie rohen oder gekochten Brokkoli?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Do you prefer raw or cooked broccoli?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Hacken Sie bitte etwas frischen Koriander klein fรผr die Suppe.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Chop a little fresh coriander for the soup.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Haben Sie schon einmal eine Cherimoya gegessen?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Have you ever eaten a cherimoya?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Wie schmeckt Passionsfrucht?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ What does passion fruit taste like?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Zum Nachtisch esse ich ein Stรผck Himbeer-Kรคsekuchen.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iโ€™ll have a slice of raspberry cheesecake for dessert.

So, thatโ€™s in the box for you all today. I think we have discussed a lot about such delectable stuff that I am already hungry.

Letโ€™s catch up tomorrow for another interesting read to enrich the knowledge on the language part and make your life easier.

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Pooja Parekh

Pooja Parekh

Passionate about the German language & culture, she has taught German for several years. An avid reader, a linguist, a communicator & a wannabe author

A better way to learn German.

Over 100 hours of learning across 50+ lessons