Fruits and Vegetables in German

fruits and vegetables

Just looking at the juicy, fresh fruits and vegetables with foreign language labels on them in the German-speaking crowd? Don’t you think that could be bonkers?

Don’t feel helpless and just keep roaming like in an alien land! This can happen to you when you don’t know the language and have recently landed in a German-speaking country

No, you won’t starve. We will make sure you won’t miss a thing from the local markets. So, let’s get yourself acclimatized and get you to buy some healthy vitamins and satiate your cravings by conversing in German.

 Buy a world for yourself!

15 Common Fruits and Vegetables in German

  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Apfel – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ apple
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Birne – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ pear
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Zitrone – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ lemon
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Banane – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ banana
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Erdbeere – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ strawberry 
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Pfirsich – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ peach
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Traube – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ grape
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der(die) Ananas – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ pineapple
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Orange – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ orange
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Kirsche – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ cherry
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Zwiebel – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ onion
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Tomate – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ tomato
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Salat – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ lettuce
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Karotte – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ carrot

Shopping for Fruits and Vegetables in German – Useful Phrases

I am already hungry! Aren’t you? I would have gulped all the delicious fruits and garden-fresh vegetables. 

You need to know how you would buy those, though and then hit the target! Come, let’s see the basic conversational part a bit to get you going.

Obviously, you need to ask, and they will tell you that those can be bought by weight or just by a piece just as you want it!

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Wo kann ich frisches Obst und GemΓΌse kaufen?
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Where can I buy fresh fruits and vegetables?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Ein halbes Kilo Kirschen, bitte.
Half a kilogram of cherries. 

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Ich hΓ€tte gerne ein Kilo Orangen, bitte.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ I want a kilogram of oranges, please.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Ich nehme ein StΓΌck Kohl.
I will take one piece of cabbage.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Wie viel kostet ein Kilo Kartoffeln?
How much does a kilogram of potatoes cost?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Wie viel kosten die Karotten?
How much are carrots?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Verkaufen Sie die Bananen pro StΓΌck oder pro Kilo?
Do you sell bananas by the kilogram or by unit?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Wie viel wiegen diese Trauben?
How much does this bunch of grapes weigh?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Haben Sie Salat?
Do you have lettuce?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Kann ich mit einer (Kredit- oder Debit-) Karte bezahlen?
Can I pay with a (credit or debit) card?

I will also instruct you about the most common expressions used while shopping in another article.

How to Describe Fruits and Vegetables in German

Arghh! I don’t like sour grapes. And please, just sweet apples for me. How about you? Want to be confident while buying your choices in a German-speaking environment?

With these German adjectives, you can exactly describe your inclinations, absolutely the way you like your fruits and vegetables:

  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ süß – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ sweet
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ sauer – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ sour
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ weich – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ soft
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ hart – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ hard
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ reif – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ ripe
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ verfault – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ rotten
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ frisch – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ fresh
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ alt – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ old
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ geschmacklos – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ tasteless
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ lecker – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ delicious
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ saftig – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ juicy
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ groß – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ big
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ klein – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ small

We have just quoted a few examples of how you can use these in practical scenarios. Let’s have a look at these tempting and yummy usages:

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Probiere diese Kirschen! Sie sind lecker!
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Try these cherries! They are delicious!

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Die Erdbeeren, die ich gestern gekauft habe, sind geschmacklos.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ The strawberries I bought yesterday are tasteless.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ KΓΆnnten Sie mir bitte einen anderen Salat geben? Der ist fast verfault.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Can you change this lettuce to a different one? It’s almost rotten.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Geben Sie mir bitte fΓΌnf kleine Tomaten.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Give me five small tomatoes. 

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Dieser Pfirsich ist so saftig, dass er im Mund zergeht.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ This peach is so juicy it melts in your mouth.

TIP: Whenever you use adjectives in German, you must remember to adjust their endings according to the gender of the noun, the case in which it is used and the article used before the noun.

40 Fruits and Vegetables in German to Enhance your Buying Experiences

Do you want to tantalize your taste buds further? Then go hunt the exotic fruits. But first, have a look at the list below to have a lip-smacking affair.


  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Wassermelone – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ water melon
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Aprikose – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ apricot
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Mango – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ mango
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Papaya – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ papaya
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Granatapfel – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ pomegranate
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Feige – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ fig
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Guave – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ guava
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Cherimoya – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ cherimoya
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Passionsfrucht / die Maracuja – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ passion fruit
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Feigenkaktus / die Kaktusfeige – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ prickly pear
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ süße Gurke – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ sweet cucumber
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Heidelbeere / die Blaubeere – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ blueberry
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Brombeere – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ blackberry
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Himbeere – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ raspberry
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Kokosnuss – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ coconut
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Grapefruit – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ grapefruit
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Mandarine – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ mandarine
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Limone – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ lime
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Drachenfrucht – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ dragon fruit


  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Avocado – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ avocado
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ ein Bund FrΓΌhlingszwiebel – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ a bunch of scallion
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Koriander – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ coriander
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Kohl – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ cabbage
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Brokkoli – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ broccoli
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Blumenkohl – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ cauliflower
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ grΓΌne Erbsen – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ green peas
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Bohne – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ bean
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Gurke – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ cucumber
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Rettich πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ radish
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der KΓΌrbis – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ pumpkin, squash
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Zucchini – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ zucchini
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Aubergine – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ eggplant / aubergine
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Bete – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ beet
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Spinat – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ spinach
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die/der Rucola – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ arugula / rocket
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Sellerie – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ celery
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der/die grΓΌne Paprika, der/die rote Paprika – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ green / red pepper 
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ der Pilz – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ mushroom
  • πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ die Waldpilze – πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ wild mushroom

An interesting fact about arugula and pepper is that two articles are used for these vegetables. It really depends on which one you can remember. More thought-provoking is that there are quite a few nouns in German which take two articles.

I will take you through that as well at a later point.

When you start learning German, you will wish there were more of such cases!

As of now, I will take you through the sentences with the words we just learned. This should assist you with your language learning more in detail, which will also come in handy during your routine, may it be your mouth-watering breakfast, a flavourful order at a restaurant or having an appetizing conversation at parties.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Ich esse immer manche Blaubeeren zum FrΓΌhstΓΌck. Sie sind sehr gesund.
I always have a handful of blueberries for breakfast. They are very healthy.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Ich liebe Aprikosenmarmelade.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ I love apricot jam.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ MΓΆchtest du ein Avocado-Sandwich?
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Do you want an avocado sandwich?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Ich mache einen Kohl-Spinat-Salat.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ I’m making a cabbage and spinach salad.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Mango ist meine Lieblingsfrucht.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Mango is my favorite fruit.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Ich hasse Sellerie.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ I hate celery.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Bevorzugen Sie rohen oder gekochten Brokkoli?
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Do you prefer raw or cooked broccoli?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Hacken Sie bitte etwas frischen Koriander klein fΓΌr die Suppe.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Chop a little fresh coriander for the soup.

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Haben Sie schon einmal eine Cherimoya gegessen?
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Have you ever eaten a cherimoya?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Wie schmeckt Passionsfrucht?
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ What does passion fruit taste like?

πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Zum Nachtisch esse ich ein StΓΌck Himbeer-KΓ€sekuchen.
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ I’ll have a slice of raspberry cheesecake for dessert.

So, that’s in the box for you all today. I think we have discussed a lot about such delectable stuff that I am already hungry.

Let’s catch up tomorrow for another interesting read to enrich the knowledge on the language part and make your life easier.

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Weronika Olszewska

Weronika Olszewska

Living and studying in Germany for as long as she can remember. German tutor by day, Italian learner by night. When she's not learning new languages, you can find her enjoying great rock bands on stage.

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