German house parts

Essential House Parts in German

Imagine youโ€™re at a house party in Germany. 

Youโ€™ve just arrived and greeted all the other people in your best German.

Everybody is having fun, and you have an excellent opportunity to meet new people and practice your conversation skills. Unfortunately, you need to go to the bathroom. 

In this case, you would excuse yourself and ask where you can find the bathroom.

But wait. 

What was โ€œbathroomโ€ in German again? And all the other house parts in general?

If you lack the vocabulary for house parts in German – this article is for you.

Let me introduce you to some basics:

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10 Key House Parts in German

  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช das/ein Haus ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a house/ home
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die/eine Wohnung – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ an apartment
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die/eine Kรผche – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a kitchen 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช das/ein Badezimmer – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a bathroom
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช das/ein Schlafzimmer ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a bedroom
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช das/ein Wohnzimmer – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a living room
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช das/ein Esszimmer ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a dining room
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der/ein Keller ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a basement
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช das/ein Dach – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a roof
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช das/ein Gรคstezimmer ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a guest room

Well, this is, of course, not everything. Have a look at more words youโ€™d probably need.

  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die/eine Wand ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a wall
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die/eine Tรผr ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a door
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die/eine Terasse – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a terrace
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช das/ein Fenster – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a window
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die Treppen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ stairs
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der/ein Flur – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a hall
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der/ein Garten – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a garden
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der/ein Boden ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ the floor
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช die/eine Speisekammer ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a pantry
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช der/ein Balkon – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ a balcony

Now, letโ€™s put these house parts into whole sentences.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Entschuldigung, wo ist das Badezimmer? 
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Excuse me, where is the bathroom? 

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Hast du Alex gesehen? – Ja, er ist in der Kรผche.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Have you seen Alex? – Yes, heโ€™s in the kitchen.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Kannst du die Gitarre aus dem Keller holen? 
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Can you get the guitar from the basement?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Die Familie isst das Abendessen immer in dem Esszimmer.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ The family always eats dinner in the dining room. 

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Hast du die Tรผr abgeschlossen?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Did you lock the door?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Lebst du in einem Haus oder in einer Wohnung?
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Do you live in a house or an apartment?

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Das ist das Schlafzimmer meiner Eltern.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Thatโ€™s my parentโ€™s bedroom. 

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช In dem Haus gibt es drei Badezimmer.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ There are three bathrooms in this house.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Das ist mein Zimmer.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ This is my room.

Essential Verbs while Talking about House Parts

We just covered the essential parts that belong to a house, and now it would be great to know how to talk about the activities one can do there.

Here is a list of verbs that may come in handy while talking about house parts and some other situations :

What can you do to a house:What can you do in the house:
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช kaufen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to buy
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช mieten – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to rent 
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช bauen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to build
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช verkaufen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to sell
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช renovieren – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to renovate
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช repairieren – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to repair
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช einziehen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to move in







๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช putzen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to clean
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช entspannen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to relax
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช aufrรคumern – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to tidy up
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช waschen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to wash
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช spielen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to play
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช kochen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to cook 
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช wohnen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to dwell
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช leben – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to live
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช backen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to bake 
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช arbeiten – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to work
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช schlafen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to sleep
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช aufwachsen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to grow up
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช bรผgeln – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to iron
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช essen – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ to eat

After learning these verbs, you will be able to create better sentences on your own. Let me start the list with some valuable examples, and you can continue the list as long as you want.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Samstags rรคume ich das ganze Haus auf.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ I clean up the whole house on Saturdays.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Am Sonntag kann ich entspannen.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ I can relax on Sunday.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Die Kinder spielen im Garten.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ The children are playing in the garden.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich kann nur in meinem Schlafzimmer gut schlafen.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ I can only sleep well in my bedroom.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich habe ein neues Haus gekauft. 
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ I have bought a new house.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Mein Freund verkauft seine Wohnung und zieht bei mir ein.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ My boyfriend is selling his apartment and moving in with me.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich lebe in diesem Haus schon mein ganzes Leben. Ich bin hier aufgewachsen.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iโ€™ve lived all my life in this house. I grew up here.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Die Kรผche muss renoviert werden.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ The kitchen needs to be renovated.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Heute muss meine Schwester das Geschirr spรผlen.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Today my sister has to wash the dishes.

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Sonntgas kocht unsere Oma uns das Mittagessen.
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Our grandma cooks lunch for us on Sundays.

How to Describe a House in German 

Positive adjectives

Let us go back to the house party. Itโ€™s your first time there, and you would like to start a conversation with the host.

For example, one good conversation starter would be to tell him that you like his place, especially the cozy atmosphere in the living room.

These adjectives will help you to describe a house in German:

  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช schรถn – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ beautiful
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช groรŸ – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ big
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช gemรผtlich – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ cozy
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช modern – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ modern
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช elegant – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ elegant
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช schick – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ fancy
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช sauber – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ clean
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช gepflegt  – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ neat
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช gerรคumig – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ spacious
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช hรผbsch – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ pretty

You can use all these adjectives to describe something you like. 

Take a look at some possible phrases how you can use them:

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Dein Haus ist sehr schรถn
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Your house is gorgeous

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich liebe es, wie gerรคumig es hier ist
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ I love it how spacious it is here

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Die Wohnung sieht sehr modern und elegant aus
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ The apartment looks very modern and elegant

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช In dem Wohnzimmer ist es sehr gemรผtlich
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Itโ€™s very cozy in the living room 

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Das Haus ist sehr hรผbsch eingerichtet
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ The house is very nicely decorated

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Hast du einen Gรคrtner? Der Garten sieht sehr gepflegt aus 
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Do you have a gardener? Your garden looks very neat

Negative Adjectives

But what if your close friend asks you for an honest opinion on a house he wants to buy? Unfortunately, the house seems not to be in the best condition. In this case, you wouldnโ€™t use any of the words above. 

Instead, take a look at a list of negative adjectives:

  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช hรคsslich – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ ugly
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช altmodisch – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ old-fashioned
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช veraltet – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ outdated
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช teuer – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ expensive
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช klein – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ small
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช alt – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ old
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ungepflegt – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ neglected
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช dunkel – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ dark 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช dreckig – ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ dirty

Hereโ€™s how to use these German adjectives to describe something you donโ€™t like:

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Das Haus ist viel zu teuer
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ The house is way too expensive

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Die Wohnung is von Innen sehr dunkel
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ The inside of the apartment is very dark

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ich glaube, die Wohnung ist seit lรคngerer Zeit ungepflegt
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ I think the apartment has been neglected for a long time

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Es ist wirklich dreckig hier
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Itโ€™s filthy here

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Diese Bauart ist veraltet
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ This design is out of  date 

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Rozalia Olszewska

Rozalia Olszewska

Young and passionate German online tutor with lots of energy. Fluent in 3 languages and currently polishing her Spanish and French.

A better way to learn German.

Over 100 hours of learning across 50+ lessons