house-parts-in-spanish

House Parts in Spanish – Useful Household Vocabulary

How do you learn new vocabulary? Do you make lists you later memorize, or do you stick post-it notes with new words and phrases all-around your room?

What has always worked best with me, and what I always recommend to my students, is building topic vocabulary groups. 

In this way, whenever you want to participate in a Spanish conversation on a given topic, you’ll have enough vocabulary to get through.

If you feel this system might actually work for you, let me show you how to go about this vocabulary building exercise.

Let’s take house parts in Spanish as our main topic. 

To start with, we need to build our core vocabulary, which in this case will be:

House parts in Spanish – Basics

  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ la casa – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ house, home
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el apartamento, el piso, el departamento – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ apartment
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ la cocina – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ kitchen
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el baΓ±o – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ bathroomΒ 
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el dormitorio, el cuarto, la pieza, la habitaciΓ³n – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ bedroom
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el comedor –Β πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ dining roomΒ 
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ la sala de estar / el living – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ living room
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el cuarto de lavado, la lavanderΓ­a – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ laundry room
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el Γ‘tico – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ attic
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el sΓ³tano, el subterrΓ‘neo – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ basement
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el techo – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ roof
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ las ventanas – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ windows
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ las puertas – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ doors
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ las paredes – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ walls
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el piso – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ floor
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ el pasillo πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ hall, corridor
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ patio – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ yard
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ jardΓ­n – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ garden

If you wonder why sometimes there is more than one alternative to an English word, it is because different Spanish speaking countries may use different names for the same places or objects.Β 

Now, these 18 words alone will already allow you to start building simple sentences.

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Este es mi cuarto.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ This is my room.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Hay 3 dormitorios y dos baΓ±os en esta casa.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ There are three bedrooms and two bathrooms in this house.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Busco una casa de dos pisos.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ I am looking for a two-story house.Β 

You can also use this core vocabulary group in questions, using some of the common Spanish question words:

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ ΒΏDΓ³nde estΓ‘ la cocina?
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Where is the kitchen?

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ ΒΏCuΓ‘ntos dormitorios tiene esta casa?
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ How many bedrooms does this house have?

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ ΒΏQuΓ© tan grande es la sala de estar?
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ How big is the living room?

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ ΒΏEl baΓ±o de visita estΓ‘ el el piso de arriba o abajo?
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Is the guest bathroom upstairs or downstairs?

When visiting someone’s house for the first time, or receiving guests in yours, you’ll indeed find that directions in Spanish come in handy:Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ
A: Disculpa, ΒΏme indicas dΓ³nde estΓ‘ la cocina?
B: Claro, al final del pasillo, a la derecha.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§
A: Sorry, can you indicate where the kitchen is?
B: Sure, at the end of the hall, to the right.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ
A: ΒΏPuedo ocupar el baΓ±o, por favor?
B: Por supuesto, estΓ‘ en el piso de arriba, al lado del cuarto de Juan.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§
A: Can I use the bathroom, please?
B: Of course, it is upstairs, next to Juan’s bedroom.Β 

Parts of the house in Spanish – common verbs

The next step in our vocabulary-building exercise is to come up with verbs that are commonly associated with the main topic. 

In the case of house-related vocabulary, some of these verbs will be:

  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ comprar – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to buy
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ construir – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to build
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ arrendar, alquilar, rentar – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to rent
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ vender – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to sell
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ renovar – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ renovate
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ limpiar – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to clean
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ pintar – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to paint
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ remodelar– πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to remodel
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ decorar – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to decorate

All these verbs describe what you can do TO a house.

Now, let’s ask ourselves what we typically do IN a house, including house chorestareas domΓ©sticas

  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ vivir – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to live
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ descansar – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to rest
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ dormir- πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to sleep
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ ver tele – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to watch TV
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ cocinar– πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to cook
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ lavar la loza – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to wash the dishesΒ 
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ pasar la aspiradora – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to vacuum
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ planchar – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to iron
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ lavar la ropa – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to do laundry
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ barrer el piso – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to sweep the floor
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ trapear – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ to mop

Of course, these are only a few examples; feel free to add as many verbs as you want to this list. 

What you can actually do with all these verbs will depend on your level of Spanish and the grammar structures you know. 

These are some of my ideas:

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ He vivido toda mi vida en esta casa.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ I’ve lived all my life in this house.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Ayer por fin vendimos nuestro departamento.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Yesterday we finally sold our apartment.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Vamos a arrendar una casa cerca del colegio.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ We’re going to rent a house close to the school.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Si compramos esta casa, tendremos que renovarla y remodelarla entera.Β Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ If we buy this house, we’ll have to renovate it and remodel it completely.

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ ΒΏPuedes pasar la aspiradora en la sala de estar, por favor?
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Can you please vacuum the living room?

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Lleva tu plato a la cocina y lava toda la loza.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Take your plate to the kitchen and wash all the dishes.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Pedro pasa todo el dΓ­a en su pieza: allΓ­ duerme, come, estudia y descansa.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Pedro spends all day in his room: he sleeps, eats, studies, and rests there.

Describing a house and its parts in Spanish

Great job with the verbs! 

Time for the next step in our vocabulary building. 

What do you say if we now turn to adjectives? They are extremely useful in real-life conversations allowing us to describe better the things we talk about.

To see what adjectives are typically related to housing parts in Spanish, ask yourself, β€œwhat a house can be like.”

It can be big, expensive, modern, well-located, and so on and so forth.

What would some of these adjectives sound like in Spanish?

Positive featuresNegative features
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ grande – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ big
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ hermosa – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ beautiful
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ moderna – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ modern
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ barata – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ cheap
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ bien ubicada – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ well-located
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ cΓ³moda – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ comfortable
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ acogedora – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ cosy
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ espaciosa πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ spacious
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ bien diseΓ±ada – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ well-designed
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ amoblada – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ furnished
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ nueva – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ new
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ bien iluminada – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ well-lit
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ ordenada – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ tidy
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ limpia – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ clean
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ pequeΓ±a, chica – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ small
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έfea – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ ugly
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ anticuada – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ old-fashioned
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ cara – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ expensive
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ alejada – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ remote
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ incΓ³moda – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ cramped
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ frΓ­a- πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ cold
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ vacΓ­a – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ empty
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ bien diseΓ±ada – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ well-designed
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ sin muebles – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ unfurnished
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ vieja – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ old
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ dark – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ oscura
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ desordenada – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ messy
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ sucia – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ dirty

Have you noticed how I used the feminine form in all the adjectives from the table? Do you know why?

It’s because we describe a houseuna casa, which in Spanish is a feminine noun. 

If I were talking about an apartmentun departamento, I would have put these adjectives in the masculine form

If you are struggling with the gender forms in Spanish, let me assure you it is a frequent difficulty for English speakers, leading to many common mistakes.Β 

Unlike English, Spanish nouns and adjectives can be either masculine or feminine. Moreover, not only nouns pluralize – adjectives do too.

That means you have to adjust their form when describing more than one object, place, or person. 

Have a look at the sentences below to see how it works:

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ La cocina es grande y espaciosa, pero los dormitorios parecen muy oscuros y chicos.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ The kitchen is big and spacious, but the bedrooms seem very dark and small.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ No podrΓ­a vivir en la casa de Pablo. Es siempre tan desordenada y sucia.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ I couldn’t live at Pablo’s house. It is always so messy and dirty.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Me encanta este departamento. Es hermoso y moderno, pero demasiado caro.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ I love this apartment! It is beautiful and modern, but too expensive.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Si buscas una casa bien ubicada, no esperes que sea barata.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ If you are looking for a well-located house, don’t expect it to be cheap.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ El departamento de mis abuelos es un poco anticuado, pero muy acogedor.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ My grandparents’ apartment is a little old-fashioned but very cozy.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Las casas en este sector no son muy grandes, porque el terreno es muy caro.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Houses in this sector are not very big because the land is pricey.Β 

Typical furniture, household appliances, and ornaments in different parts of the house in Spanish

Have you noticed how our sentences have been getting increasingly longer? That proves that our vocabulary is increasing!

The last part of our task is to add specific words related to our key-topic. If we were talking about a car, for instance, it would be its different parts. In the case of supermarket-themed vocabulary, it would be various aisles and products.

But since we are talking about parts of the house, our specific vocabulary will describe typical furniture and applianceslos muebles y los electrodomΓ©sticos. 

Cocina – Kitchen

  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un refrigerador – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a fridge
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una cocina – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a stove, a cooker
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un horno – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ an oven
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un microondas – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a microwave oven
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un lavaplatos – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a sink
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un lavavajillas – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a dishwasher
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una tostadora – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a toaster
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un mueble de cocina – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a cupboard, a kitchen cabinet
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una mesa – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a table
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un taburete – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a kitchen stool

If you’d like to learn more food-related vocabulary, check out my posts on shopping and restaurants.Β 

BaΓ±o – Bathroom

  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una tina – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a bathtub
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una ducha – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a shower
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una taza de baΓ±o – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a toilet
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un espejo – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a mirror
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un lavamano – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a washing basin
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un secador de pelo – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a hairdryer
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un gabinete de baΓ±o – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ bathroom cabinet
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una toalla – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a towel

Sala de estar – Living room

  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un sofΓ‘ – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a couch, a sofa
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un sillΓ³n – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ an armchair
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una mesa de centro – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a coffee table
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una lΓ‘mpara – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a lamp
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una alfombra – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a carpet, a rug
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una estanterΓ­a – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a bookcase
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una tele – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a TV set
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ las cortinas – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ curtains, drapes
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ las persianas – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ blinds
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ las cortinas enrollables – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ roller-blinds
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una tele – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a TV set
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un cuadro – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a painting

Dormitorio – Bedroom

  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una cama – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a bed
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un camarote – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a bunk bed
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un escritorio – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a desk
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una silla – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a chair
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un armario, un guardaropa – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a wardrobe
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un closet – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a closet
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una repisa – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a shelf
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ un afiche – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a poster

Lavanderia y bodega – Laundry and storage room

  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una lavadora – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a washing machine
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una secadora – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a dryer
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una plancha – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ an iron
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una tabla de planchar – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ an ironing board
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una aspiradora – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a vacuum cleaner
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una escoba – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a broom
  • πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ una mopa, un trapero – πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ a mop

As you see, we have started with less than 20 essential words, and now we have almost a hundred! Plus, plenty of real-life use examples. 

I hope you’ve enjoyed this exercise, and I encourage you to repeat it with other key-topics as well. 

For some extra practice, I am leaving you with a few more sample sentences:

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Si nos cambiamos de casa, tendremos que comprar un refrigerador nuevo.Β 
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ If we move house, we’ll have to buy a new fridge.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ La aspiradora se ha echado a perder. Hay que llevarla al servicio tΓ©cnico.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ The vacuum cleaner has broken down. We need to get it serviced.

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Este sofΓ‘ no combina con el color de las cortinas.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ This couch doesn’t match with the color of the drapes.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Prefieres dormir en la parte de arriba, o la parte de abajo del camarote?
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Do you prefer to sleep in the top or bottom part of the bunk bed?

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ ΒΏPuedo usar tu secador de pelo? El mΓ­o no funciona.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Can I use your hairdryer? Mine is not working.

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Ya no caben mΓ‘s libros en esta estanterΓ­a.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ You can’t fit any more books in this bookshelf.Β 

πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Ordena tu guardaropa, por favor y mete la ropa sucia en la lavadora.
πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ Tidy your wardrobe, please, and toss your dirty clothes in the washing machine.Β 

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Joanna Lupa

Joanna Lupa

Polish by birth, Chilean by the turns of life. Has spent 20 years in that beautiful South American country working as a language teacher and translator. Has taught Spanish and English to students of all proficiency levels. Passionate about languages, books, and traveling. A mother of 2 trilingual teenagers.

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