clothing in spanish

How to Talk about Clothes in Spanish

Has your suitcase gotten lost and now youโ€™re in a hotel room in Barcelona not knowing what to wear for the business meeting you have the next day?

Are your trekking boots coming unglued after the first leg of your Patagonia trip?

Or perhaps the weather has suddenly changed in Bogota, leaving you in urgent need of a sweater?

Anyone who travels to Spanish-speaking countries may find themselves discussing clothes for one reason or another.

To get you ready for such an event, I have prepared a list of the essential words and phrases to talk about clothes in Spanish:

Basic Clothing Vocabulary in Spanish

Knowing how to talk about clothes in Spanish requires you to learn the names of different garments:

  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ la ropaย  – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง clothes
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un vestido –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a dress
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un pantalรณn – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ants, trousers
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ una blusa – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง blouse
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ una falda – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a skirt
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ una chaqueta – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง jacket
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un chaleco – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง sweater
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธuna camisetaย  – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง T-shirt
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un traje de baรฑoย  – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง swimsuit
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ unos zapatos – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง shoes
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ la ropa interior –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง underwear
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un pijama –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a pajamasย 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ una parka – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง parka

Did you notice how the word โ€œropaโ€ is singular and feminine, while the word โ€œclothesโ€ is plural? 

Languages donโ€™t always translate exactly the same. Differences in gender and number are one of the common mistakes English speakers have when learning Spanish

Test Your Spanish Knowledge ๐Ÿ‘‡

Talking about clothes in Spanish – useful verbs

Apart from the simplest sentences naming clothes, any other context we give to this vocabulary requires the use of specific verbs. 

Here are some of them:

  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ usar – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง o wear
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ponerse  -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to put on
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ quitarse / sacarse –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to take off
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ lavar –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to wash
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ planchar –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to iron
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ probarse –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to try on
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ comprar –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to buy
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ costar -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to cost
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ regalar –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to give as a present
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ manchar  –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to stain
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ botar –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง throw away
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ordenar –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to order, to organize
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ gustar -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to like

Would you like to see how these verbs work in sentences? Youโ€™ll find a few examples below:

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Me gusta tu vestido.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง I like your dress.

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Casi nunca uso ropa formal.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง I hardly ever wear formal clothes.

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Quรญtate los zapatos antes de entrar.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Take off your shoes before entering. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Pรณnete una chaqueta, hace frรญo afuera.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Put on a jacket; it is cold outside. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Hay que lavar esta camisa.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Itโ€™s necessary to wash this shirt. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Este vestido no se plancha.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง This dress is non-iron.

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Por favor, ordena tu ropa. Tu closet es un desastre. 
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Please, put your clothes in order. Your wardrobe is a disaster. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ La abuela me regalรณ una camiseta para mi cumpleaรฑos.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Grandma gave me a T-shirt for my birthday.

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ยฟMe puedo probar esta falda?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Can I try this skirt on?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ยฟCuรกnto cuesta esta parka ?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง How much does this parka cost?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Juanito ha manchado su ropa con el helado.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Juanito has stained his clothes with an ice-cream.

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ No botes tu ropa vieja. Regรกlala a los pobres mejor.  
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Donโ€™t throw away your old clothes. Better give it to the poor. 

How to shop for clothes in Spanish – common phrases

Do you want to buy some new clothes when in a Spanish speaking country? Make sure to learn some useful shopping vocabulary:

  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ el precio –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง the price
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ la talla –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง the size
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ el probador –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง the dressing room
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ la etiqueta –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง the tag
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ el recibo / la boleta –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง the receipt
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ la garantรญa -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง the warranty
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ envolver –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to wrap
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ cambiar -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to change
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ devolver -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to return
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ quedar bien -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง to fit

Imagine youโ€™re in a clothing store, looking for some clothes for a hiking trip to the famous Machu Picchu in Peru:

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Disculpe, ยฟcuรกl es el precio de estas botas?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Excuse me, whatโ€™s the price of these boots?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Necesito unas camisetas de mujer, talla S.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง I need a couple of women T-shirts, size S.

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ยฟDรณnde estรกn los probadores, por favor?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Where are the dressing rooms, please?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ยฟLo tiene en una talla mรกs grande / mรกs pequeรฑa?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Do you have it in a bigger / smaller size?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ยฟLo tiene en otro color?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Do you have it in a different color?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ e quรฉ estรก hecho / hecha? – (depends if the garment is masculine or feminine in Spanish)
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง What is it made of?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ยฟEsta camisa es de 100% algodรณn?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Is this shirt 100% cotton?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ยฟTiene garantรญa?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Does it have a warranty?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ยฟMe lo puede envolver para regalo, por favor?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Can you gift-wrap it, please?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Necesito cambiar este short / pantalรณn corto. Me queda muy grande. 
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง I need to change these shorts. They are too big. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ยฟTiene el recibo / la boleta?
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Do you have the receipt?

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Quisiera devolver esta falda.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Iโ€™d like to return this skirt. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Estos zapatos tienen un defecto. 
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง These shoes have a defect. 

For those of you who would like to review Spanish shopping vocabulary in more detail, please check out one of my previous posts on that topic. 

Describing clothes in Spanish with suitable adjectives

Adjectives can come in extremely handy when talking about clothes in Spanish. 

Have a look at the following table to see if you know them all:

List of useful adjectives:
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ barato- ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง heap
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ nuevo- ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ew
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ cรณmodo – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง omfortable
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ formal –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง formal
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ bonito –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง pretty
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ apropiado – ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ppropriate
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ clean -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง limpio
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ planchado –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ironed
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ de moda -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง trendy
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ delgado  -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง thin
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ caro –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง expensive
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ viejo –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง old
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ incรณmodo –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง uncomfortable
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ casual –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง casual 
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ feo –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ugly
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ inapropiado -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง inappropriate
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ sucio –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง dirty
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ arrugado –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง wrinkled
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ pasado de moda -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง old-fashioned
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ grueso -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง thick

And hereโ€™s how you can make specific descriptions:

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Me he comprado estos zapatos formales. Estaban muy baratos.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง I have bought these formal shoes. They were very cheap.

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Esta chaqueta es demasiado cara.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง This jacket is too expensive. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Necesito unos pantalones de buzo cรณmodos. 
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง I need some comfortable sweatpants.  

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Esta blusa es muy fea y pasada de moda.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง This blouse is very ugly and old-fashioned.

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Para la entrevista de trabajo ponte algo mรกs formal. 
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Put on something more formal for your job interview.

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Tu camisa estรก sucia y arrugada. Tรญrala al lavado.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Your shirt is dirty and wrinkled. Toss it with the laundry. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Esta falda corta es muy inapropiada para la ocasiรณn. 
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง This mini-shirt is very inappropriate for the occasion. 

Are you struggling with correct adjective forms? My Ultimate Guide to Spanish Adjectives will help clarify all of your doubts. 

Common accessories and how to call them in Spanish

A belt, a scarf, a handbag…

What would be our clothes without accessories, right?

If you want to know how to talk about clothes in Spanish effectively, youยดll also have to learn a few additional words, such as:

  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un cinturรณn –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a belt
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ una corbata –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a tie
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un sombrero –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a hat
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ una gorra –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a cap
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un gorro de lana -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a wool cap
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ unos lentes de sol –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง sunglasses
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ una cartera / un bolso -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a handbag
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un collar –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a necklace
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ una pulsera -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a bracelet 
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ unos aros / aretes -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง earrings
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ una bufanda -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a  woolen scarf
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un paรฑuelo -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a head scarf
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ unos guantes –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง gloves
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ unos calcetines -๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง socks
  • ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ un maletรญn –๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง a briefcase

And here are some sample ideas of how to use those words:

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Este pantalรณn me queda suelto. Necesito un cinturรณn.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง These pants are too loose. I need a belt. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Si viajas a Polonia en invierno, lleva guantes, bufanda y un gorro de lana. 
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง If you travel to Poland in winter, take gloves, a scarf, and a wool hat. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ El color de esta corbata no combina con la chaqueta.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง The color of this tie doesnโ€™t match the jacket. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ No me gustan los collares. Prefiero llevar un paรฑuelo delgado alrededor del cuello. 
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง I donโ€™t like necklaces. I prefer to wear a thin scarf around my neck. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Si vas a la playa, lleva un sombrero de paja o lentes de sol.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง If you are going to the beach, take a straw hat or sunglasses. 

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Tu maletรญn de cuero estรก muy desgastado.
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Your leather briefcase is very worn-out. 

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Joanna Lupa
Joanna Lupa
Polish by birth, Chilean by the turns of life. Has spent 20 years in that beautiful South American country working as a language teacher and translator. Has taught Spanish and English to students of all proficiency levels. Passionate about languages, books, and traveling. A mother of 2 trilingual teenagers.

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